Regulation of stem cell research in Europe

How is stem cell research regulated in different European countries? Each country summary includes information on the current legal position, ethical and regulatory oversight, and links to the full text of relevant laws and policies. You can also view these summaries of European stem cell laws on our stem cell map.
Regulation of stem cell research in Austria
Research on embryos, including the derivation of embryonic stem cell lines, is banned. The use of imported embryonic stem cell lines is not addressed by Austrian law and is therefore permissible.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Bulgaria
Embryonic stem cells can be derived legally from surplus embryos donated following IVF treatment.
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Regulation of stem cell research in the Czech Republic
Embryonic stem cell research is permitted. Reproductive cloning is banned.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Finland
Human embryonic stem cells can be derived legally from excess IVF embryos for up to 14 days after fertilisation.
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Regulation of stem cell research in France
Embryonic stem cell research is not allowed except under certain specific conditions.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Germany
The derivation of embryonic stem cells is banned but embryonic stem cell lines can be imported specifically for research if the line was generated before a defined cut-off date.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Greece
Embryonic stem cells can be derived legally from surplus IVF embryos, for medical and research purposes.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Ireland
There is no specific legislation dealing with stem cell research in Ireland.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Italy
The derivation of embryonic stem cell lines is banned but it is permitted to use imported embryonic stem cell lines for research.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Lithuania
Research on human embryos and the import and export of tissues of a human embryo, stem cells of a human embryo and lines thereof are prohibited.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Portugal
The derivation of human embryonic stem cell lines from surplus IVF embryos is permitted.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Spain
Spain has a comprehensive regulatory framework for stem cell research, with a series of laws and regulations applied to different aspects of research.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Sweden
The use of human embryos for research is comprehensively regulated. Human embryonic stem cells can be derived from excess IVF embryos and by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Reproductive cloning is banned.
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Regulation of stem cell research in Switzerland
Embryonic stem cells can be derived from surplus IVF embryos (up to 7 days old). Embryonic stem cell lines can be imported specifically for research purposes.
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Regulation of stem cell research in the United Kin